Omega-3 fatty acids are a form of polyunsaturated fats, one of four basic types of fats that animals and humans derive from food. (Cholesterol, saturated fat, and monounsaturated fat are the others.) All polyunsaturated fats, including omega-3s, are increasingly recognized as being important to good health. Polyunsaturated fatty acids are healthy for both animals and humans. Omega-3 fatty acids, which are found primarily in cold-water fish, fall into this category, along with omega-6 fatty acids, which are found in grains, most plant-based oils, poultry and eggs.
There are different types of omega-3 fatty acids:
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA) are key Omega-3 fatty acids which are both found primarily in oily, cold-water fish such as salmon, pollock, tuna and mackerel. Aside from fresh seaweed, plant foods rarely contain EPA or DHA. A third Omega-3, called alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), is found primarily in dark green leafy vegetables, flaxseed oil, and certain vegetable oils.
However ALA is not readily accessible to animals—it takes several enzymatic steps in their metabolism to convert it into a useful configuration like EPA (and cats totally lack one of the metabolic enzymes to utilize ALA). In addition, some dogs are extremely poor in utilizing ALA, especially if high amounts of metabolically “competitive” Omega -6 fatty acids are present. As a result, scientists estimate that only a small fraction of ALA actually benefits dogs.
By supplementing your dog or cat’s food with Grizzly’s wild Alaskan salmon oil, you’ll be providing them with the essential fatty acids that support healthy skin and coat, and help maintain their optimal health.